25 July 2011 - Thunder Bay
Before Nelson Mandela and the ANC, before Huey Newton, Bobby Seal and the Black Panther Party, and before Malcom X and the Nation of Islam, there was Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association. This volume of the Marcus Garvey Papers details the rise the UNIA, which became the largest and most feared Black Nationalist organization of the early twentieth century. Marcus Garvey styled himself as the "Provisional President of Africa" and the organization he founded became a powerful voice for equal rights in the United States and around the world in the early 1920s. Garvey's first experience outside of Jamaica was in Costa Rica as a time keeper on a banana plantation. From there he moved to Panama and on to the United States, but his ideas electrified class and race conscious West Indians across the Caribbean.
"Volume XI is the first to focus on the Caribbean, where the UNIA was represented by more than 170 divisions and chapters. Revealing the connections between the major African-American mass movement of the interwar era and the struggle of the Caribbean people for independence, this volume includes the letters, speeches, and writings of Caribbean Garveyites and their opponents, as well as documents and speeches by Garvey, newspaper articles, colonial correspondence and memoranda, and government investigative records. Volume XI covers the period from 1911, when a controversy was ignited in Limon, Costa Rica, in response to a letter that Garvey sent to the Limon Times, until 1920, when workers on the Panama Canal undertook a strike sponsored in part by the UNIA. The primary documents are extensively annotated, and the volume includes twenty-two critical commentaries on the territories covered in the book, from the Bahamas to Guatemala, and Haiti to Brazil. A trove of scholarly resources, Volume XI: The Caribbean Diaspora, 1910-1920 illuminates another chapter in the history of one the world's most important social movements."
The volume is published by Duke University Press,
http://www.dukeupress.edu/ Catalog/ViewProduct.php? productid=19692&viewby=title