Azim Mallik


Phone Number: 
+1 (807) 343-8927
+1 (807) 343-8764
Office Location: 
Academic Qualifications: 

HBSc, MSc Dhaka, Bangladesh
PhD Aberdeen, U.K.

Research Interests: 

Plant Ecology. Progressive and retrogressive succession in relation to regeneration strategies and chemical ecology of plants following ecosystem disturbances such as fire and logging. Tree-shrub-microbial interactions in controlling biotic and abiotic ecosystem processes such as competition, allelopathy, plant-soil feedbacks, and progressive and retrogressive succession. Structural and functional stability of riparian buffers and edge effects of clearcuts and natural ecotones in maintaining interior habitats and biodiversity. Alternate stable states of vegetation in managed forests and protected area.


Recent Publications

Yao, Y. and Mallik, A.U. (2022). Estimation of actual evapotranspiration and water stress in the Lijiang River Basin, China using a modified Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model. Journal of Hydro-environment Research

Lin, H., Sun, Z., Xu, C., Wang, J., Mallik, A.U., Gu, C., Chen, D.,  Lu, L., Zeng, R., and Song, Y. (2022). High nitrogen in maize enriches gut microbiota conferring insecticide tolerance in lepidopteran pest Spodoptera lituraiScience (Cell Press)

Asif, T., Naeem, I., Bu, Z-J, Mallik, A.U., Ma, J-Z. and Rochefort, L. (2021). Litter mixing effect on decomposition in a 30 year-old partially drained peatland. Wetland Ecology and Management. (submitted after peer-review).

*St. Martin, P. and Mallik, A.U. (2021). Soil chemistry drives above and below ground traits in alternate successional pathways from forest to heath. Oecologia 195: 469–478

*St. James, C. and Mallik, A.U. 2021. Functional ecology of forest, heath and wood savannah alternate states in eastern Canada. Forests 12(1):93

Liu, C., Bu, Z-J, Mallik, A.U., Chen, Y-D., Hu, X-F. and Lu, F. (2020). Inhibition or Facilitation? Contrasted Inter-specific Interactions in Sphagnumunder Laboratory and Field Conditions.  Plants 2020, 9: 1554; doi:10.3390/plants9111554.

Guo, Y., Chen, H.Y.H., Wang, B., Xiang, W., Li, D., Li, X., Mallik, A.U., Ding, T., Huang, F. and Lu, S. (2020). Conspecific and heterospecific crowding facilitate tree survival in a tropical karst seasonal rainforest. Forest Ecology and Management.

*Yao, Y. and Mallik, A.U(2020). Stream flow changes and the sustainability of cruise tourism on the Lijiang River, China. Sustainability 12(18): 7711;

*Newaz, M.S., Mackereth, R.W., Mallik, A.U. and McCormick, D. 2020. How much boreal lake shoreline is burned by wildfire? Implications for emulating natural disturbance in riparian forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 473: 118283

Ma, J-Z, Xu Chen, X., Mallik, A.U., Bu, Z-J., Wang, S-Z and Sundburg, S. 2020. Environmental together with interspecific interactions determine bryophyte distribution in a protected mire of Northeast China. Frontiers in Earth Sciences 8: 32. Doi:3389/feart.2020.00032 

Kattge, J,  Bönisch, G,  Díaz, S, et al. (2020). TRY plant trait database – enhanced coverage and open access. Global Change Biology 26: 119-188.

Liu, C., Bu, Z-J., Mallik, A.U., Rochefort, L., Hu, X-F., Yu, Z. (2020). Resource competition and allelopathy in two peat mosses: implications for niche differentiation. Plant and Soil 446: 229-242.

Yue Sun Y., Nemec-Bakk A.S., Mallik, A.U., Bagchi, A., Pawan K. Singal, P.K., and Khaper, N. (2019).  Blueberry extract attenuates doxorubicin induced damage in H9c2 cardiac cells. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology,97: 880-884.       

Guo, Y., Chen, H.Y.H., Mallik, A.U., Bin, W., Li, D., Xiang, W., Li, X. (2019). Predominance of  abiotic drivers in the relationship between species diversity and litterfall production in a tropical  karst seasonal rainforest. Forest Ecology and Management, 449: 117452. 

Kumordzi, B., Isabelle A., Bill, S., Violle, C., Johnstone, J., Cardou, F., Anand, M., Arsenault, A., Bell, W., Bergeron, Y., Boulangeat, I., Brousseau, M., Delagrange, S., Fenton, N., Gravel, D., Macdonald, S., Hamel, B., Higelin, M., Hebert, F., Isabel, N., Mallik, A., Mcintosh, A., McLaren, J., Messier, C., Morris, D., Thiffault, N., Tremblay, J.-P., Munson, A. (2019). Intraspecific variability in leaf and root traits of understory North American plants is influenced by sampling scale and disturbance. Functional Ecology,  33:1771–1784, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.13402.

St. Martin, P. and Mallik, A.U. (2019). Alternate successional pathway yields alternate pattern of functional diversity. Journal of Vegetation Science. 30: 461-470. DOI: 10.1111/jvs.12740

Zhang, Z., Mallik, A.U., Zhang J., HuangY. and Zhou, L. (2019). Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on inoculated seedling growth and rhizosphere soil aggregates. Soil and Tillage Research 19: 104340. 

Newaz M.S., Mallik, A.U. and Mackereth, R.W. (2019). Riparian vegetation recovery in a 23 year chronosequence of clearcut along 30 boreal headwater streams. Forest Ecology and Management 443: 69-83.  

Guo, Y., Xiang, W.,Wang, B.,Li, D., Mallik, A.U., Chen,H.Y.H., Huang, F., Ding, T., Wen, S., Lu, S. and Li, X.(2019). Deterministic environmental filtering is a dominant process in structuring species assemblage of a heterogeneous tropical karst forest. Scientific Reports 8:17408DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-35410-7

Biswas, R.K., Mallik, A.U., Braithwaite, N.T. and Biswas, P.L. (2019). Effects of disturbance type and microhabitat on species and functional diversity relationship in stream-bank plant communities. Forest Ecology and Management 432: 812-822.

Mallik, A.U. and Kayes, I. (2018). Lichen mated seedbeds inhibit while moss dominated seedbeds facilitate black spruce (Picea mariana) seedling regeneration in post-fire boreal forest. Forest Ecology and Management. 427: 260-274.

Chai, S., Tang, J., Mallik, A.U., Shi, Y., Wang, M. and Wei, X. (2018). Physiological response of a rare and endangered understory plant, yellow camellia (Camellia nitidissima) to experimental light gradient. BMC Ecology (accepted).

Gu, D., Wang, Q. and Mallik, A.U. (2018). Unconvergent response of transpiration and stomatal conductance to climate drivers at leaf, branch and tree scale for a dominant desert species in Central Asia. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology. 74(1): 9-17. DOI

Mallik A.U. and Kravchenko, D. (2018). Ontogeny of naturally regenerating black spruce in post-fire Kalmia heath. Forest Ecology and Management. 407: 135-144.

Feng, L., Bu, Z-J, Mallik, A.U., Wang, Z-C, Liu, S-S and Wu, Y-H. (2017). Intermittent, not continuous waterlogging facilitates germinability maintenance of Sphagnum spores. Wetlands. 37:1015–1022. DOI 10.1007/s13157-017-0936-y

Bell, F.W., Dacosta, J., Newmaster, S.G., Mallik, A.U., Hunt, S., Anand, M., Maloles, J. (2017). The NEBIE plot network: Highlights of long-term scientific studies. Forestry Chronicle 39(2): 1-16.

Guo, Y, Wang, B., Li, D., Mallik, A.U., Huang, F., Xiang, W., Ding, T., Wen, S., Lu, S., He, Y. and Li, X. (2017). Tree species–habitat associations in a heterogeneous tropical karst seasonal rain forest, China. Flora. 231:21-28.

Mallik A.U. and Hamilton, J. (2017) Harvest date and storage effect on fruit size, phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of wild blueberries of NW Ontario, Canada. Food Science and Technology. 19(7): 651-657. DOI: 10.1007/s13197-017-2586-8.

St. Martin, P. and Mallik, A.U. (2017). Status of non-vascular plants in trait-based ecosystem function studies. Perspectives in Pant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. DOI: 10.1016/j.ppees.2017.04.00.

Fu, L-F., Su, L-Y., Mallik, A.U., Wen, F., Wei, Y-G. (2017).  Cytology and sexuality of 11 species of Elatostema (Urticaceae) in limestone karsts suggests that apomixis is a recurring phenomenon. Nordic Journal of Botany 35: 251–256, 2017.

Liao, J-X., Zhang, D-N., Mallik, A.U., Huang, Y-Q., He, C-X. and Xu, G-P. (2017): Growth and nutrient removal of three macrophytes in response to concentrations and ratios of N and P. International Journal of Phytoremediation. 19(7):  651-657. DOI:10.1080/15226514.2016.1278424.

Guo, Y, Wang, B. Mallik, A.U., Huang, F., Xiang, W., Ding, T., Wen, S., Lu, S., Li, D., He, Y. and Li, X. (2016). Topographic habitat and tree species associations in a heterogeneous tropical karst seasonal rain forest, China. Journal of Plant Ecology. doi:10.1093/jpe/rtw057.

St. Martin, P. and Mallik, A.U. (2016). Growth release of stunted black spruce (Picea mariana) in Kalmia heath: The role of ectomycorrhizal fungi and near-ground microclimate. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.

Mallik, A.U., Biswas, S.K. and Siegwart Collier (2016). Belowground negative interactions between ericaceous plants and conifers –the example of sheep laurel and black spruce. Plant and Soil DOI 10.1007/s11104-016-2819-z

Mallik, A.U. and Kravchenko, D. (2016) Black spruce (Picea mariana) restoration in Kalmia heath by scarification and microsite mulching. Forest Ecology and Management 362:10-19.

Biswas, S R., Mallik A.U., Braithwaite, N.T and Wagner, H.H. (2015). A conceptual and methodological framework for the spatial analysis of functional trait diversity. Oikos 125(2): 192-200. DOI: 10.1111/oik.02277

Harper, K.A., Macdonald, E.S., Mayerhofer, M.S., Biswas,S.R., Esseen, P-A., Hylander, K., Stewart, K.J., Mallik, A.U., Drapeau, P., Jonsson, B-G., Daniel Lesieur, D., Kouki, J. and Bergeron, Y. (2015). Edge influence on vegetation at natural and anthropogenic edges of boreal forests in Canada and Fennoscandia. Journal of Ecology 6(4): 550-562. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12398

Cao, J., Yuan, D., Tong, L, Mallik, A.U., Yang, H., Huang, F. (2015). An over view of karst ecosystem in southwest China: Current state and future management. Journal of Resource and Ecology 6(4): 274-256. DOI:10.5814/

Gu, D., Zhang, Z., Mallik, A., Zhou, A., Mo, L., He, C., and Huang, Y. (2014). Seasonal water use strategy of Cyclobalanopsis glauca in a karst area of southern China. Environment and Earth Science 74(2): 1007-1014. DOI 10.1007/s12665-014-3817-1.

Mallik A.U., Kreutzweiser, D.P. and Spalvieri, C.M. (2014) Forest regeneration in gaps seven years after partial harvesting in riparian buffers of boreal mixedwood streams. Forest Ecology and Management 312: 117-128.

Kershaw, H.M. and Mallik, A.U. (2013). Predicting plant diversity response to disturbance: Applicability of the intermediate disturbance hypothesis and mass ratio hypothesis. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 32(1): 383-395.

Zhang, H., Mallik, A.U. and Zeng, R-S. (2013). Control of Panama disease of banana by rotating and intercropping with Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum Rottler) Role of plant volatiles. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 39: 243-252. DOI 10.1007/s10886-013-0243-x. 

Pidgen, K. and Mallik, A.U. (2013).Ecology of compounding disturbances: The effects of prescribed burning after clearcutting.Ecosystems. 16: 170–180.

Mallik, A.U., Kreutzweiser, D.P., Cristina M. Spalvieri, C.M, and Mackereth, R.W. (2013). Understory plant community resilience to partial harvesting in riparian buffers of central Canadian boreal forests. Forest Ecology and Management 289: 209–218.

Mallik, A.U., Wang, J. W., Seigwart-Collier, L. and Roberts, B.R. (2012). Morphological and ecophysiological responses of sheep laurel (Kalmia angustifolia L.) to shade. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research (Oxford); doi: 10.1093/forestry/cps047.

Biswas,S.R., Khan, S.I,and Mallik, A.U. (2012). Invaders’ control on post-disturbance succession in coastal mangroves. Journal of Plant Ecology (Oxford) doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtr050.

Braithwaite, N.T. and Mallik, A.U. (2011). Edge effects of wildfire and riparian buffer along boreal forest streams. Journal of Applied Ecology doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02067.x.

Mallik, A.U., Wdowiak, J.V. and Cooper, E.J. (2011). Growth and reproductive responses of Cassiope tetragona, a circumpolar evergreen shrub to experimentally delayed snowmelt. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 43(3): 404-409.

Biswas, S.R. and Mallik, A.U. (2011). Species diversity and functional diversity relationship varies with disturbance intensity. Ecosphere 2(4): art52. doi:10.1890/ES10-00206.1.

Mallik, A.U., Newaz, S., Mackereth, R.W. and Shahi, C. (2011). Geomorphic changes of headwater systems 3-23 years after forest harvesting by clearcutting. Ecosphere 2(4):art43. doi:10.1890/ES10-00144.1.

Siegwart-Collier, S.C. and Mallik, A.U. (2010). Does post-fire abiotic habitat filtering create divergent plant communities in black spruceforests of eastern Canada? Oecologia 164(2): 465-477, DOI: 10.1007/s00442-010-1642-0.

Mallik, A.U., Bloom, R.G and Whisenant, S.G. (2010). Seedbed filter controls post-fire succession. Basic and Applied Ecology 11(20: 170-181.

Biswas, S.R. and Mallik, A.U. (2010) Disturbance effects on species diversity and functional diversity in riparian and upland plant communities. Ecology 91(1): 28-35.

Walker G.R and Mallik, A.U. (2009). Black spruce reforestation in Kalmia heath: seedling response to forest floor mixing and mycorrhizal inoculation with Paxillus involutus. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 2007–2020.