Research & Publications

Tourism Change, Climate Change, &Transformation in the Polar Regions
  • Johnston, A., Johnston, M.E., Stewart, E.J., Dawson, J., & Lemelin, R.H. (2012). Perspectives of decision makers and regulators on climate change and adaptation in expedition cruise ship tourism in Nunavut. The Northern Review 35, 69-85.
  • Lemelin, R.H., Johnston, M., Dawson, D., Stewart, E., & Mattina C. (2012). From hunting and fishing to cultural tourism and ecotourism: Examining the transitioning tourism industry in Nunavik. The Polar Journal 2(1), 39-60.
  • Stewart, E., Dawson, J., Howell, S., Johnston, M., Pearce, T., & Lemelin, R. (2012). Sea ice change and cruise tourism in Arctic Canada’s Northwest Passage: Implications for local communities. Polar Geography.1 -20, iFirst. DOI:10.1080/1088937X.2012.705352
  • Johnston, A., Johnston, M., Dawson, J. & Stewart, E. (2012). Challenges of Arctic cruise tourism development in Canada: Perspectives of federal government stakeholders. Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce 43 (3), 335-347.
  • Johnston, M.E., Viken, A. & Dawson, J. (2012) Firsts and lasts in Arctic Tourism: Last chance tourism and the dialectic of change. In Lemelin, R.H., Stewart, E. & Dawson, J. (eds.) Last-Chance Tourism: Adapting Tourism Opportunities in a Changing World. Contemporary Geographies of Leisure, Tourism and Mobility. London, Routledge, pp.10-24.
  • Dawson, J., Johnston, M.E., Stewart, E.J., Lemieux, C.J., Lemelin, R.H., Maher, P.T. & Grimwood, B.S.R. (2011) Ethical considerations of last chance tourism, Journal of Ecotourism, 10 (3), 250-265.
  • Maher, P., Johnston, M.E., Dawson, J. & Noakes, J. (2011) Risk and a changing environment for Antarctic tourism. Current Issues in Tourism 14 (4), 387-399.  First published on: 21 July 2010 (iFirst) Available from:
  • Lemelin, R.H., Matthews, D., Mattina, C., McIntyre, N., Johnston, M., Koster, R., & Weenusk First Nation at Peawanuck (2010). Climate change, wellbeing and resilience in the Weenusk First Nation at Peawanuck: The moccasin telegraph goes global. Special issue on "Human Health at the Ends of the Earth,” Rural and Remote Health 10: 1333. (Online), Available at:
Tourism Development & Regulation in the Polar Regions
  • Johnston, M.E. (2011). Arctic tourism introduction. In Maher, P., Stewart, E., & Lück, M. (eds.), Polar Tourism: Human, Environmental and Governance Dimensions, Cognizant Communication Corporation (Elmsford, NY), pp. 17-32.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Twynam, G.D. (2008). Development and evaluation of sustainable tourism principles: The WWF Arctic Tourism Guidelines Initiative. In McCool, S. & Moisey, N., (Eds.), 2nd edition. Tourism, Recreation and Sustainability: Linking Culture and Environment. CAB International, pp. 103-116.
  • Lemelin, R.H. & Johnston, M.E. 2008. Northern parks and protected areas. In Dearden, P. & Rollins, R. (Eds.), 3rd edition. Parks and Protected Areas in Canada. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 294-313.
  • Twynam, G.D. & Johnston, M.E. (2002). Use of sustainable tourism practices in Nunavut, Canada. Annals of Tourism Research 29(4): 1165-1168.
  • Mason, P., Johnston, M.E. & Twynam, G.D.(2000). The World Wide Fund for Nature Arctic tourism project. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 8(4): 305 - 321.
  • Mason, P., Johnston, M.E. & Twynam, G.D. (2000). The World Wide Fund for Nature Arctic Tourism Project. In: Bramwell, B. & Lane, B., (Eds.), Tourism Collaboration and Partnerships: Politics, Practice and Sustainability. Clevedon: Channel View Publications, pp. 98 - 116. [Reprint of refereed journal article in Journal of Sustainable Tourism]
  • Johnston, M.E. (1998). Evaluating the effectiveness of visitor regulation strategies for polar regions. Polar Record 34(188): 25 - 30.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Mason, P. (1997). The WWF initiative to develop guidelines and codes of conduct for Arctic tourism. Polar Record: 33(185) 151 - 153.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Viken, A. (1997). Tourism development in Greenland. Annals of Tourism Research 24(4): 978-982.
  • Johnston, M.E. (1997). Polar tourism regulation strategies: controlling visitor behaviour through codes of conduct and legislation. Polar Record 33(184): 13 - 20.
  • Johnston, M.E. (1995). Patterns and issues in Arctic and Subarctic tourism. In Hall, C.M. & Johnston, M.E., (Eds.), Polar Tourism: Tourism in the Arctic and Antarctic Regions. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, pp. 27 - 42.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Madunic, D. (1995). Waste disposal and the wilderness in the Yukon Territory, Canada. In: Hall, C.M. & Johnston, M.E., (Eds.), Polar Tourism: Tourism in the Arctic and Antarctic Regions. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, pp. 85 - 100.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Hall, C.M. (1995). Visitor management and the future of tourism in polar regions. In: Hall, C.M. & Johnston, M.E., (Eds.), Polar Tourism: Tourism in the Arctic and Antarctic Regions. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, pp. 297 - 313.
  • Hall, C.M. & Johnston, M.E., (Eds.) Polar Tourism: Tourism in the Arctic and Antarctic Regions. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
Social Economy in the North, Tourism, & Volunteers
  • McClelland, C. & Johnston, M.E. (forthcoming) Understanding the contributions of volunteering to the social economy in Whitehorse, Yukon through the views of outdoor recreation volunteers, In Southcott, C. (ed.), Northern Communities Working Together: The social economy of Canada's North. Toronto: U of T Press.
  • Bennett, N., Lemelin, H., Johnston, M. & Lutsel K'e Dene First Nation (2010). Using the social economy in tourism: A study of National Park creation and community development in the Northwest Territories, Canada. Journal of Rural and Community Development 5,1/2, 200-220.
  • Noakes, J.L. & M.E. Johnston (2010). Constraints and opportunities in the development of diamond tourism in Yellowknife, Northwest Territories. In Hall, M. & Saarinen, J. (Eds.), Tourism and Change in Polar Regions: Climate, Environments and Experiences. New York, NY: Routledge, pp. 165-179.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Twynam, G.D. (2009). The social economy and a special event: Community involvement in the Whitehorse 2007 Canada Winter Games. The Northern Review 30, 85 – 103.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Twynam, G.D. (2006). Sport event tourism and involvement behaviour of resident and non-resident spectators. In Robertson, M. (Ed). Sporting Events and Event Tourism: Impacts, Plans and Opportunities. Festivals and Events: Beyond Economic Impacts, Volume 1, LSA Publication No. 91. Eastbourne, Leisure Studies Association, pp. 77 - 93.
  • Twynam, G.D. & Johnston, M.E, (2004). Changes in host community reactions to a special sporting event. Current Issues in Tourism 7(3): 242-261.
  • Twynam, G.D., Farrell, J.M., & Johnston, M.E. (2003). Leisure and volunteer motivation at a special sporting event. Leisure 27(3/4): 363-377.
  • Johnston, M., Twynam, G.D. & Farrell, J. (2000). Motivation and satisfaction of event volunteers for a major youth organization. Leisure 24(1/2): 161 - 177.
  • Farrell, J., Johnston, M.E. & Twynam, G.D. (1998). Volunteer motivation, satisfaction, and management at an elite sporting competition. Journal of Sport Management 12(4): 288 - 300.
  • Johnston, M.E., Tywnam, G.D. & Shultis, J. (1996). The preliminary event as a trial run. Festival Management and Event Tourism 4(1/2): 67 - 70.
  • Shultis, J., Johnston, M.E., & Twynam, G.D. (1996). Developing a longitudinal research program to measure impacts of a special event. Festival Management and Event Tourism 4(1/2): 59 - 66.
Northern Ontario & Change
  • Johnston, M.E. & Payne, R.J. (2012) Northwestern Ontario and the Lakehead Georegion: A Region Apart? In: Nelson, G. (ed.), Beyond the Global City: Understanding and Planning for the Diverse Georegions of Ontario. Mc-Gill Queens University Press, 277-308.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Lemelin, R.H. (2011) Wetland protection and recreational development conflict in a rural bedroom community in Northern Ontario. In Beesley, K. (ed.), The Rural-Urban Fringe in Canada: Conflict and Controversy. Brandon, Manitoba: Rural Development Institute, pp. 190-198.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Payne, R.J. (2010) Tourism in Marine Environments 6 (2/3). Guest editors of special issue on the Great Lakes.
  • Payne, R.J., Johnston, M.E. & Twynam, G.D. (2008). Tourism, sustainability and the social milieux in Lake Superior’s north shore. In McCool, S. & Moisey, N., (Eds.), 2nd edition. Tourism, Recreation and Sustainability: Linking Culture and Environment. CAB International, pp. 76-102.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Payne, R.J. (2005). Ecotourism and regional transformation in Northwestern Ontario, In Hall, M. & Boyd, S. (Eds.), Nature-Based Tourism in Peripheral Areas: Development or Disaster. Channelview Press, pp. 21-35.
  • Lorch, B.J., Johnston, M.E. & Challen, D. (2004) Perceptions of community sustainability after a mine closure: A case study of Manitouwadge, Ontario. Environments 32(1): 15 – 30.
  • Payne, R.J., Twynam, G.D. & Johnston, M.E. (1999). Tourism and sustainability in Northern Ontario In Nelson, G., R. Butler, & Wall, G., (Eds.), Tourism and Sustainable Development: A Civic Approach, 2nd Edition. Waterloo, Ontario: Department of Geography, pp. 237 - 266.
  • Johnston, M.E. & Lorch, B.J. (1996). Community distinctiveness and company closure in a Northern Ontario mining town. The Great Lakes Geographer 3(1): 39 - 52.
  • Johnston, M.E. (1995). Communities and the resource economy in Northwestern Ontario. In Stadel, C. & Suida, H., (Eds.), Themes and Issues of Canadian Geography I/Beitrage Zur Geographie Kanadas I. Salzburger Geographische Arbeitan Band 28, Institut fur Geographie der Universitat Salzburg, pp 107 - 115.
  • Johnston, M.E. (1994). Single sector communities in Northwestern Ontario, In Gilg, A., Dilley, R.S., Furuseth, O., Lowe, P. McDonald, G., & Murdoch, J., (Eds.), Progress in Rural Policy and Planning, Volume 4, pp. 235 - 240.

Please contact me for information on these and other publications.