Solidarity Statement with the Kentner Family
Faculty at Lakehead University drafted a solidarity statement in support of Barbara Kentner's family as the trial of Brayden Bushby came to an end, Dec. 14, 2020. Over 200 signatures of support have been added to the statement; please follow the link to read the statement in full and add your signature of support.
Graduate applications are being accepted for 2021-22, review will begin in February of 2021. Please contact Program Advisor, Kevin Brooks, in order to discuss the program before applying. The Program Handbook provides the most complete overview of the SJS program. Applications are completed on the Faculty of Graduate Studies page.
Have you ever wondered "What can I do to make a difference in my community or region? How can I combine my academic interests with social activism?" The Social Justice Studies (SJS) program at Lakehead university is designed to help you answer both of those questions.
Located within the territories of the Anishinaabe peoples, Lakehead University's MA in Social Justice Studies (SJS) is an interdisciplinary graduate program housed in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities. SJS delivers a transformative education by asking students to think critically about the values, cultural assumptions, and actions that maintain the current economic, political, and social structures which shape our day-to-day lives. Our program empowers students with the practical skills and theoretical knowledge necessary to challenge the informal and formal configurations of power and oppression within local, national, and global contexts.
The Social Justice Studies program offers several paths that allow students to tailor their education to best to fit their scholarly and activist interests. There are four streams that students can pursue during the two-year degree: coursework, research project, creative project, or practicum. These four options ensure that students will be the engineers of their own learning. Connecting scholarly inquiry and community-based learning provides students with practical experience and an opportunity to develop necessary critical skills through an intersectional approach to social justice.
The flexibility of the program allows students to take courses with and be supervised by dynamic faculty from across the Social Sciences and Humanities. Our faculty come from a broad range of disciplinary specialties (including, but not limited to, Indigenous Learning, Women’s Studies, Music, Visual Arts, and English), are committed to positive political, social, and economic change, participate in community-based research, and are dedicated to fostering an environment of political engagement with those issues relevant to social justice.
Mission Statement for Social Justice Studies
"The intellectual project of decolonization has to set out ways to proceed through a colonizing world. It needs a radical compassion that reaches out, that seeks collaboration, and that is open to possibilities that can only be imagined as other things fall into place."
-Linda Tuhiwai Smith
The program is firmly grounded in critical theory and research that reflects both a politicized praxis in teaching and a transformative approach to research and knowledge as tools for social change and advocacy. Engaging with social justice means actively working towards eradicating settler colonialism, structural inequalities and violences, gender inequality, white supremacy and racism, homophobia, transphobia, poverty, and more; this program is committed to helping students do just that through social learning. Thunder Bay is ideally situated to offer students hands-on opportunities in community-based engagement through participation in local grassroots movements and organizations. We encourage our students to be actively engaged and to know that they can make a difference for the better.
Statement in Solidarity with the Kentner Family
A statement of solidarity with the Kentner family, drafted by Lakehead University faculty and signed by over 100 Canadian academics.
ACADEMIC COMMUNITY MEMBERS FROM ACROSS TURTLE ISLAND STAND IN SOLIDARITY WITH THE KENTNER FAMILY IN THE WAKE OF THE BUSHBY VERDICT
December 14, 2020, Thunder Bay – Academics from across the country respond to Ontario Superior Court Justice Helen M. Pierce’s decision to sentence... full story
Recent books by Dr. Pauline Sameshima win an award and an honourable mention
Social Justice Studies Supervisor Dr. Pauline Sameshima's two books are garnering great attention and accolades.
MA student continuing on to PHD in Social Justice Education.
Mehdia Hassan (MA '19) has accepted an offer to continue her graduate studies at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE), fall 2020.
The undersigned are responding to the decision of Ontario Superior Court Justice Helen M. Pierce to find Brayden Bushby guilty of manslaughter in the death of Barbara Kentner and stand in solidarity with Barbara Kentner’s family and Thunder Bay’s Indigenous community, at this time of horror and sadness.
On January 29, 2017, Barbara Kentner, an Indigenous woman from the Wabigoon Lake Ojibway Nation, was struck in the abdomen by a trailer hitch thrown from a passing car. Her bowel was ruptured and she died from these injuries five months later on July 4th. The trailer hitch was thrown by Brayden Bushby, an 18-year-old white male. One of the people in the car with him that night testified that Bushby laughed about it at the time, saying “got one!”
After years of delay, the charges against Bushby were reduced from second degree murder to manslaughter. Subsequently, Bushby pleaded guilty to aggravated assault and in doing so he admitted to throwing the trailer hitch. The three other individuals in that car were not charged.
This incident was not the result of ‘boys being boys’ or what the defense team described as being “rowdy.” Nor did the incident occur in isolation. Instead, it occurred within the context of white supremacy and violence that runs through the very roots of our society. This was not the first time an Indigenous woman has had something thrown at them in Thunder Bay. In other incidents there has been little to no consequence.
Reducing the charges sparked outrage from the Indigenous community, yielding yet another chapter of the ongoing colonial narrative in which Indigenous women are devalued and dehumanized. As Anishinabek Nation Grand Council Chief Glen Hare commented, “the Canadian justice system does not see Indigenous women as someone’s daughter, mother, wife, sister, and barely as a victim of a crime.” But Barbara was someone’s mother. She was also a sister, a cousin, an aunty, and a kind and generous person. Yet, even if she was none of these things, she did not deserve what happened to her.
Bushby and his defense team argued differently, namely that Barbara caused her own death, drawing on pernicious and racist stereotypes in the process. They denigrated the victim with impunity, suggesting that her life was not worth living or that she would have died anyway. “This defense is similar to the ‘crumbling skull’ argument (the victim was prone to die, therefore the murderer might not have actually killed them) also used by the Canadian government and churches in court to try and deflect blame for the harms of residential schools, arguing that Indigenous child inmates were already suffering abuse and neglect before their incarceration.” (1) It is a deeply flawed justice system where the victim is placed on trial for their own murder.
While Justice Helen M. Pierce found the defense’s arguments invalid, issuing Brayden Bushby a guilty verdict of manslaughter, until it is acknowledged that this act of violence took place within the context of white supremacy and settler colonialism, we will continue to fear for all Indigenous women in the community.
Bushby’s sentencing hearing will commence on February 9, 2021. We hope that on this day the denial of the insidious racism that permeates our legal structures, our institutions, and the City of Thunder Bay stops and Justice Pierce responds to the entirety of the situation. That on February 9th the court pay heed to the family of Barbara Kenter, the Indigenous community, as well as Calls from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls’ for tougher sentencing for perpetrators of violence against Indigenous women and the right of Indigenous peoples to live in freedom, peace, and security as distinct peoples without being subject to genocide or any other act of violence.
Unless decisive action is taken, white supremacy and gender based violence will continue to steal the lives of Indigenous women prematurely. The court has the opportunity to show Indigenous women and girls that their lives matter. We urge the court not to send the message that Indigenous women are not worthy of the same basic protections as other citizens, further jeopardizing the safety of Indigenous women in the City of Thunder Bay. Bushby, those like him, and those in the making will also hear this message, whatever it may be.
1.Dr. Catherine Cervin Vice Dean Academic Northern Ontario School of Medicine
2. Dr. Sarita Verma, Dean, President and CEO, Northern Ontario School of Medicine
3. Dr. Betsy Birmingham, Dean of Social Sciences and Humanities, Lakehead University
4. Dr. Kristin Burnett, Professor, Indigenous Learning, Lakehead University
5. Dr. Lana Ray, Assistant Professor, Indigenous Learning, Lakehead University
6. Dr. Barbara Parker, Associate Professor, Sociology, Lakehead University
7. Dr. Toby Rollo, Assistant Professor, Political Science, Lakehead University
8. Ms. Lisa Harris, Coordinator Niijii Indigenous Mentorship, Office of Indigenous Initiatives, Lakehead University
9. Dr. Anita Vaillancourt, Assistant Professor, Social Work, Lakehead University
10. Dr. Charles Levkoe, Canada Research Chair in Sustainable Food Systems, Associate Professor, Health Sciences, Lakehead University
11. Dr. Travis Hay, Adjunct Professor, Indigenous Learning, Lakehead University
12. Dr. Rebecca Schiff, Associate Professor, Health Sciences, Lakehead University
13. Dr. Lindsay Galway, Canada Research Chair in Social-Ecological Health, Associate Professor, Health Sciences, Lakehead University
14. Dr. Anna Guttman, Professor, English, Lakehead University
15. Dr. Robert Robson, Associate Professor, Indigenous Learning, Lakehead University
16. Dr. Anna Kone, Assistant Professor, Health Sciences, Lakehead University
17. Dr. Judith Leggatt, Associate Professor, English, Lakehead University
18. Andrew Heppner, Project Coordinator, Lakehead University
19. Dr. Billie Allan, Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, University of Victoria
20. Dr. Gina Starblanket, Canada Research Chair in the Politics of Decolonization, Political Science, University of Calgary
21. Dr. Dallas Hunt, Assistant Professor, English Language and Literatures, University of British Columbia
22. Dr. Rhonda Hackett, Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, University of Victoria
23. Dr. Cindy Holmes, Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, University of Victoria
24. Ms. Jerri-Lynn Orr, Indigenous Curriculum Specialist, Teaching Commons, Lakehead University
25. Dr. Sarah Hunt / Tłaliłila’ogwa, Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Political Ecology, Assistant Professor, School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria
26. Dr. Karena Shaw, Associate Professor, School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria
27. Dr. Sandrina de Finney, Associate Professor, School of Child and Youth Care, University of Victoria
28. Dr. Sarah Wright Cardinal, Assistant Professor, School of Child and Youth Care, University of Victoria
29. Dr. Esyllt W. Jones, Professor, Dean of Studies, St John’s College, University of Manitoba
30. Sharnelle Jenkins-Thompson, Manager of Community Outreach, West Coast LEAF
31. Jana-Rae Yerxa, Faculty, Anishinaabe Gikendaasowin, Seven Generations Education Institute
32. Dr. Ian Mosby, Assistant Professor, Department of History, Ryerson University
33. Dr. Damien Lee, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Ryerson University
34. Ms. Tabitha Robin, PhD Candidate, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
35. Ms. Trudy Russo, Librarian, Lakehead University
36. Dr. Connie Russell, Professor, Faculty of Education, Lakehead University
37. Dr. Greg Bak, Associate Professor, History, University of Manitoba
38. Dr. Max Haiven, Canada Research Chair in Culture, Media and Social Justice, Lakehead University
39. Dr. Sheila McManus, Professor, Department of History, University of Lethbridge
40. Dr. Paul Cormier, Associate Professor & Chair, Aboriginal Education, Lakehead University
41. Dr. Tricia McGuire-Adams, Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Ganandawisiwin/Good Health Sovereignties, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Education, University of Ottawa
42. Dr. Mary Jane McCallum, Canada Research Chair in Indigenous People, History and Archives, Department of History, University of Winnipeg
43. Dr. Whitney Wood, Canada Research Chair in the Historical Dimensions of Women’s Health, Vancouver Island University
44. Dr. Kevin Brooks, Social Justice Studies Program Advisor, Lakehead University
45. Dr. Michael Asmussen, Canada Research Chair in Neuromechanics and Human Physiology, Mount Royal University
46. Dr. James Muir, Associate Dean of Research, Faculty of Law, University of Alberta, and Associate Professor of Law and History, University of Alberta
47. Natalie St-Denis, MSW, RSW, PhD Candidate, Faculty of Social Work, University of Calgary, and sessional instructor at Mount Royal University and the University of Calgary.
48. Dr. Martha Moon, Contract Lecturer, Faculty of Education, Lakehead University
49. Dr. Jennifer Pettit, Dean, Faculty of Arts, Mount Royal University
50. Sarina Piercy, Research Coordinator to Dr. Billie Allan, School of Social Work, University of Victoria
51. Dr. Robert Mawhinney, Professor, Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies, Lakehead University
52. Dr. Sean Carleton, Assistant Professor, Departments of History and Native Studies, University of Manitoba
53. Dr. Crystal Gail Fraser, Assistant Professor, Department of History, Classics, & Religious Studies and the Faculty of Native Studies, University of Alberta
54. Leanne Kelly, Assistant Teaching Professor, School of Nursing, University of Victoria
55. Tom Potter, Professor, School of Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism, Lakehead University
56. Dr. Jeff Corntassel, Associate Professor, Indigenous Studies, University of Victoria
57. Dr. Kristine Alexander, Canada Research Chair in Child and Youth Studies & Associate Professor of History, University of Lethbridge
58. Dr. Rachel Warburton, Associate Professor, English, Lakehead University
59. Taina Maki Chahal, Contract Lecturer, English and Anthropology, Lakehead University
60. Shane Young, PhD Candidate (Trent), Assistant Professor, School of Social Work, Ryerson University
61. James Aldridge, Vice-Provost (International), Lakehead University
62. Dr. Todd Randall, Dean, Faculty of Science and Environmental Studies, Lakehead University
63. Dr. Laurie Harding, Adjunct Professor, School of Children Youth Care, University of Victoria
64. Denise Baxter, Vice Provost (Indigenous Initiatives), Lakehead University
65. Dr. Adele Perry, FRSC, Distinguished Professor and Director, Centre for Human Rights Research, University of Manitoba
66. Dr. Shirley Chau, Associate Professor, School of Social Work, UBC Okanagan
67. Dr. Jaymie Heilman, Professor, Department of History, Classics, and Religious Studies, University of Alberta
68. Dr. Annie Pullen Sansfacon, Professor, School of Social Work, University of Montreal
69. Sheryl O’Reilly, Indigenous Student Counsellor, Indigenous Student Services Centre, Lakehead University
70. Élaine Doiron, Administrative Assistant, Department of Indigenous Learning
71. Ms S. Monague, Indigenous Support Worker, Northern Ontario School of Medicine
72. Dr. Thomas Peace, Associate Professor, Department of History, Huron University College
73. Dr. Jessica Jurgutis, Assistant Professor, Departments of Indigenous Learning and Women’s Studies, Lakehead University
74. Dr. Caroline Durand, Assistant Professor, Department of History, Trent University
75. Dr. Patricia D. McGuire, Assistant Professor, Department of Social Work, Carleton University
76. Dr. Jen Chisholm, Assistant Professor, Department of Women’s Studies, Lakehead University
77. Dr. Hugo De Burgos, Associate Professor of teaching, Medical Anthropology, University of British Columbia Okanagan.
78. Dr. Nancy Janovicek, Associate Professor, History, University of Calgary
79. Dr. Megan Scribe, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Ryerson University
80. Ms B Bissell, Contract Lecturer, Department of Education, Lakehead University
81. Dr. David Richards, Dean, Faculty of Business Administration, Lakehead University
82. Yolanda Wanakamik, Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Director of Indigenous Affairs
83. Dr. Sarah Nickel, Associate Professor, Department of History, Classics, and Religious Studies, University of Alberta
84. Dr. Lori Chambers, Professor, Women’s Studies, Lakehead University
85. Dr. Michel Bédard, Dean, Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences, Lakehead University
86. Dr. Liza Piper, Associate Professor, History, University of Alberta
87. Anna Chief, Coordinator of Indigneous Outreach/Recruitment, Indigenous Initiatives, Lakehead University
88. Michael Yellow Bird, Dean, Faculty of Social Work, University of Manitoba
89. Christina Chakanyuka, Assistant Professor & PhD Student, School of Nursing, University of Victoria
90. Dr. Lisa Bourque Bearskin, Associate Professor Thompson Rivers University. Kamloops British Columbia
91. Dr. Lise Vaugeois, Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Education, Lakehead University
92. Dr. Kurt Markstrom, Senior Scholar, Desautel Faculty of Music, University of Manitoba
93. Darryl Harsch, Bachelor of Science in Nursing, CHN, University of Victoria Alumni
94. Jill Greenwood, Instructor and Faculty Advisor, Faculty of Education, Lakehead University
95. Dr. Lisa Kahaleole Hall, Associate Professor and Director, Indigenous Studies Program, University of Victoria
96. Dr. Jarvis Brownlie, Professor, Department of History, University of Manitoba.
97. Dr. Melanee Thomas, Associate Professor and Graduate Program Director, Department of Political Science, University of Calgary
98. Dr. Shannon Stettner, Instructor, Department of Gender and Social Justice, University of Waterloo
99. Alana Prochuk, Manager of Public Legal Education, West Coast LEAF
100. Dr. Sarah de Leeuw, Canada Research Chair (Humanities and Health Inequities), Northern Medical Program, UNBC, Faculty of Medicine, UBC
101. Kate Feeney, Director of Litigation, West Coast LEAF
102. Bronwen Besso-Smith, BSW
103. Dr. Lynn Lavallee, Professor, Strategic Lead Indigenous Resurgence, Faculty of Community Services, Ryerson University
104. Victoria Chen, Office Manager, West Coast LEAF
105. Lorelei Williams, Founder of Butterflies in Spirit, Research Assistant at Sovereign Bodies Institute, MMIWG advocate involved with the MMIWG Coalition and West Coast Leaf.
106. Dr. Julia Smith, Assistant Professor, Labour Studies Program, University of Manitoba
107. Dr. Nadia Verrelli, Associate Professor, Political Science, Laurentian University
108. Dr. James Rowe, Associate Professor, School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria.
109. Dr. Carol Williams, Professor of Women and Gender Studies and History, Director of the Centre for Oral History and Tradition, University of Lethbridge, Alberta.
110. Dr. Suzanne Lenon, Associate Professor, Department of Women & Gender Studies, University of Lethbridge, AB
111. Dr. Judy Davidson, Associate Professor, Kinesiology, Sport, and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB
112. Michael Mihalicz, Assistant Professor, Indigenous Advisor, Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University
113. Dr. Andrea Eidinger, Sessional Instructor, Concordia University
114. Jennifer Ward, PhD Student, Faculty of Native Studies, University of Alberta; Assistant Lecturer, Faculty of Education, University of Alberta
115. Dr. Joe Carney, Associate Professor, Department of Biology, Lakehead University
116. Dr. Lila Pine, Faculty of Communication and Design, Ryerson University
117. Walid Chahal, Continuing Lecturer, Department of Sociology, Lakehead University
118. Dr. Margo Tamez, Associate Professor, Indigenous Studies, University of British Columbia, Okanagan campus
119. Catherine Carstairs, Professor, History, University of Guelph