Language & Styleguide: Word Usage

Language & Styleguide: Word Usage

Value Added - Definition:

Maclean’s magazine ranks Lakehead as the number one in “Value Added.” [used as a noun]

“Value Added” measures the entering average of students and achievement through the retention rate, the proportion who graduate, and the number of students receiving national awards.

When using “value added” as an adjective use a hyphen.

Correct: Lakehead prides itself in being a value-added university. [used as an adjective] 

Campus Names:

Lakehead University Orillia, Lakehead University Thunder Bay.

Example: Dr. Black visited Lakehead University Thunder Bay last fall.

Example: Lakehead University Orillia is a tremendous asset to Simcoe County.

Example: Lakehead University Thunder Bay benefits the economy of Northwestern Ontario.


Example: Strikers picketed the Lakehead University Thunder Bay campus.

Example: Journalists arrived at the Lakehead University Orillia campus.

Example: The party to celebrate the opening of the new permanent Lakehead University  Orillia campus was held on September 23, 2010. 

And …

Example: Students attending NOSM West Campus were given discount tickets

Use of i.e. and e.g.

"i.e." stands simply for "that is," which written out fully in Latin is “id est.”  It is used in place of "in other words," or "it/that is." It specifies or makes more clear.

Example: The children misbehaved, i.e., they pulled down the school fence, broke windows, and painted a swastika on the front door.

"e.g." means "for example" and comes from the Latin expression exempli gratia, meaning "for the sake of an example," with the noun exemplum in the genitive to go with gratia in the ablative. "E.g." is used in expressions similar to "including," when you are not intending to list everything that is being discussed.

Example: Bones from a variety of small animals, e.g., a squirrel, a cat, a pigeon, and a chipmunk, were found in the cabinet.

Use of a and an:

Use “a” when the “h” is pronounced as in a hotel, a historic day, a history of Canadians, a hearty welcome, a happy response.

Use “an” when the “h” is silent or there is an "e" vowel sound following, as in: an heir, an honour, an honest, an hour, an undergraduate student, an egg, an MBA, an HBA, an H-bomb, an MD, an L-shaped room.

Use of it’s and its:

It’s is a contraction of “it is”  and “it has”

Example: It’s raining.

Example: It’s been said that the fate of our country won’t be decided on a battlefield, it will be determined in a classroom.

Its is the possessive form of “it.”

Example: The dog is scratching its leg.

Use of that and which:

Use “that” when the clause is essential to the noun.

Example: The boat that caused the damage to the dock was repaired last week.

Use “which” if the clause is providing addition, non-essential information.

Example: The house, which was painted red, was insured by the owners.

Note: which clauses generally need commas; that clauses do not.

Use of said and says:

Use the present tense “he says” and “she says” in stories and other personality profiles to make writing fresh. Use the past tense “he said” and “she said” only when it is clear the statement was made in the past.

Example: “The party is getting more popular,” he says, “but we are still not going to win the election.”

Example: “The will was written in 1969 but I didn’t read it until two years later,” he said to the judge at last Thursday’s trial.